while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

你可能知道while除了表示“当……的时候”,还有它与when, as的用法区别,但是这些还不够全面,今天小编就来给大家详细解析一下相关的用法,一起来看看吧!

一、考查表示时间的用法,其意为“当……的时候”。

while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

如:

We must strike while the iron is hot.

我们要趁热打铁。

Stand still while I take your photograph.

我给你拍照时站着不要动。

Have we got enough books to read while we are on holiday?

假期里我们有足够的书看吗?

Were there any calls for me while I was out?

我出去的时候,有人来过电话吗?

She hates anyone listening while she is telephoning.

她打电话时不愿让任何人听。

二、考查表示让步的用法,其意为“尽管”“虽然”。

while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

如:

While the work was difficult, it was interesting.

虽然工作有难度,但很有趣。

While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you.

虽然我理解你的意思,但我还是不同意。

While the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it.

虽然因特网很有帮助,但我还是认为在其上花太多的时间不是个好主意。

While we don’t agree we continue to be friends.

尽管我们意见不同,我们还是朋友。

While I did well in class, I was a poor performer at games.

虽说我学习不错,我运动却不行。

While a few became richer, many did not.

虽然一些人变得更富有了,但多数人并非如此。

三、考查表示对比的用法,其意为“而”“但”。

while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

如:

In some places women are expected to earn money while men work at home and raise their children.

有些地方妇女挣钱,而男子则在家里持家和带孩子。

Air is a fluid but not a liquid, while water is both a fluid and a liquid.

空气是流体不是液体,水是流体也是液体。

Some people waste food while others haven’t enough.

一些人糟踏食物而另一些人却食不果腹。

I went swimming while the others played tennis.

我去游泳,而其余的人则去打网球了。

Prices are rising sharply, while incomes are lagging far behind.

物价飞涨而收入却远远落后。

注意:这样用时,while引出的句子通常位于末,但有时也可位于句首。

如:

While most children learn to read easily, some need extra help.

大多数儿童学会阅读很容易,有一些儿童却需要特别帮助。

While some languages have 30 or more different vowel sounds, others have five or less.有些语言有30个或更多的元音,而其他语言只有5个或更少的元音。

While Deauville is a holiday resort, Trouville is more of a working town.

特维尔是个度假胜地,而特鲁维尔更多的却是个工业城市。

四、考查其省略用法,即主句与从句主语相同,且从句谓语动词含有动词be时,通常可省略从句主语和动词be。

while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

如:

While (he was) in prison, she wrote her first novel.

她在狱中写出了第一部小说。

He had strayed from home while still a boy.

他小时候就离开家到处流浪了。

He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework.

他做着做着功课就睡着了。

I was only listening to the radio with half an ear, while (I was) preparing some food.

我正在做吃的东西,没太留心听收音机。

while的用法(语法宝典:连词while的四种用法,你都学会了吗?)

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